Computer Science Vs Information Technology: Which is Better?

Computer Science Vs Information Technology: Which is Better?


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Computers have been an integral part of our lives, be it the phones or laptops we use for work. Progressing in any field relating to computers can open tons of career options. There might be a person who would want to create motherboards for computers or introduce better RAMs. Some might think big and aim towards bigger computing technologies like satellites or robots.


To do either of these, one should have adequate knowledge about the two fields. In this article, we will point out both the differences and similarities between computer science vs information technology. We will also talk about the courses one needs to take for both fields, and the job opportunities available.


It is a known fact that a majority of students get indecisive about what they want to do before getting into college. One needs to do a complete analysis on what field they wish to go for, so they know about the pros and cons of each field before making a decision. A reason behind this might be the lack of research before finishing school, or the unavailability of resources to do the research.


Computer Science vs Information Technology


Information Technology


Information technology (IT) is the use of computers to store and retrieve data or information. It is connected to the business side of technology, where IT professionals technically solve business issues. For example, Database managers make sure that the data in computers is organized. On the other hand, Sys administrators ensure smoothness in the network connection and solve any hindrances. Information technology aims towards problem-solving and management skills.


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The following list provides the courses one needs to do before going for a career in IT:


Computer Networking:


In this course, people learn about the basics of computer networks. These include the differences between LAN, WAN, WLAN, and PAN, which are different networks based on the workspace size. It also suggests ways in which one can improve the network speed of a connection using a variety of cables.  




This course aims towards equipping students with the knowledge and skills required to defend the computer OS, as well as resolve infected systems in a way that they don’t get breached again. In today’s world, a large number of cyberattacks take place, especially in well-known companies. Adequate knowledge of cybersecurity can always help one tackle these attacks efficiently.


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Cloud Computing:


This course aims at teaching students how to use computers as a storage space for information, which can be used by other people. Cloud computing refers to the delivery of computer storage-related services which can also include database management and networking. One can open their cloud computing company after gaining knowledge about it. 


An information technology degree can be earned at both graduate and undergraduate levels. However, if one wants to start practicing in the field, or get acquainted with database management and programming languages, then they can always go for additional degree courses. Information technology professionals are required at a place or organization where things tend to break.


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It doesn’t matter how good a particular system is placed; there is always a chance of malfunctioning or breaking. Computing and manual errors can cause huge problems for organizations that depend on their databases and technology. In a situation like that, one needs to handle it maturely and also have the critical thinking and problem-solving skills to repair the problems at hand.


To start a career in information technology, at least a bachelor’s degree is required. Though at this level, the people would only know about database management and computer networking. They would have to take extra courses on the side to study the other aspects of the field. 


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An important aspect of IT is the exchange of information from one user to another. Anything related to data transmission comes under this field. Followed by data management, where one can look after databases and work as a troubleshooter. It is an important job since big companies cannot afford to have problems in their systems as even the slightest malfunctioning can drop the company’s profits by a huge percentage.


Information technology professionals can be benefitted from a master’s degree in the field. This will help them specialize in their field as well as work on their skills and management. For a computer or system manager profession, a master’s degree is a necessity. However, a doctorate in this field can open IT professors as a career option as well. 


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Computer Science


In simple words, computer science is the study of computer-related principles and their practices as well as theoretical applications. Where Information technology tells us about the structure of a computer and its hardware, computer science explains how the software within a computer works. 


Computer science courses ensure that students are well aware of the analytical and technical uses of a computer. One will be taught about Artificial intelligence, networking, computer-human interaction, graphics and vision, and lastly software engineering. 


The following list introduces common courses in a computer science degree:


Programming Fundamentals:


These include studying multiple programming languages Like Java, Python, and C++. These languages are used to develop software from scratch as well as design computer applications. To get a profession in Computer science, one should be aware of syntaxes and scriptwriting. 


Mobile Computing:


This course familiarizes students with how data can be transmitted from one device to another, without the use of any cables or external devices. Devices like mobiles and laptops can easily share data safely and wirelessly. Since computer science includes networking and data sharing, it is important to have basic knowledge about mobile computing and its various types. 


Machine learning:


Machine learning aims at teaching people about how machines can learn a particular task or improve in it without any external programming. This course includes subjects like Computer coding, data science, and regularisation methods, which cover the overall purpose of the course. 


To start, a bachelor’s degree is the first requirement in this field which can get you entry-level roles. However, a higher degree ensures a wider job opportunity in the field as well as a higher income. A computer science student must have basic knowledge of how a computer works and its structure. Some statistical and mathematical knowledge is also a prerequisite for getting into this field. Computer architecture, Login design, information management, and data logic are the subjects that follow.


Computer science is the tool that allowed mankind to compress all the heavy computers stuffed into a room into a pocket-sized device. People in this field are constantly working towards designing and developing better computer parts like circuit boards, video cards, microchips, hard drives, processors, and routers.


A computer science degree fuses the software development knowledge with the technical needs of a computer to create new and better programs. Computer science is known to go hand in hand with computer engineering to produce hardware that is versatile enough to work with any kind of software.


It is a fact that many research and database management scientists hold a master’s degree in the field. This is because a master’s degree opens bigger opportunities in the computer science field, and can take jobs to a business level. However, to be a computer science professor, one would require a doctorate. Students who wish to go in this line usually study courses like Cybersecurity and DBMS, which are also taught in Information technology.  


Computer science can be divided into two brief categories, which are programming and theory. After getting into the CS field, one should be able to carry out the following tasks:


  • To understand the working and functioning of a computer with precision. 
  • To easily apply the syntaxes and theories they have learned.
  • To communicate with different devices and program them in a manner that works smoothly. 


If a student wants to design and editing software as a profession, they would want to go for Computer science, since this field deals with programming languages like Java, C++, and python. These languages are used to design applications and software.


If they want to be a software developer, they can stick to CS, but if they want to branch out and learn about data-related tasks, then they can also study information technology. Studying both IT and CS can cover a larger area of interest, keeping aside the amount of time and work one needs to invest in them. 


Ultimately, it is the choice of the students depending on their caliber and interest. Some people are under the wrong impression of IT being easier than CS. They might think so because of the smaller number of requirements IT has over the latter, however, this is not true. Students need to study and work hard to understand what goes on in the world of computers in both. It would seem like an easy task once the basics are clear, whether it is in IT or CS. 


Jobs: Computer Science Vs Information Technology 


Whether a person wants to go for Computer science or information technology, they also consider it from the income point of view. Everyone wants to go for a higher-paying job in the field they specialize in or want to be skilled in. 


In Information technology, there are many different jobs available depending on what you study. If you are good at project management and critical thinking, then you can go for jobs like an IT auditor or a network administrator. On the other hand, knowledge of technical aspects of a computer or database can open doors for jobs like a database architect or an information security analyst.


One does not require advanced programming knowledge or theoretical expertise in the IT field, which is why just a simple bachelor’s degree can give you all the skills required to work in an information technology market. Today, IT departments have the lowest wage-earning technical workers, usually the people who maintain the computer infrastructure at an organization. IT skills in practice require the ability to operate a computer, install an operating system on it, operate MS Office, maybe at the higher end, connect it to a network.


 On the other hand, Computer science has comparatively higher-paying jobs. This is because to get a job in this field, a master’s degree is what gives you the entire knowledge and skills needed to work. For example, analytical skills and adequate programming knowledge are required to work as a software developer. A web designer requires teamwork and coordination skills as well as creativity. 


Both IT and CS seem to be overlapping when it comes to the growth rate of employees in each field. However, IT seems to be growing at a 5% faster rate compared to computer science and is believed to grow wider in terms of both size and salary by the year 2026. 


10th-grade students going to 11th might find themselves amid several subjects. Some might notice their easy-going computer class being divided into two separate subjects; Computer science and Informatics practices. Although both the subjects have coding as a common area, one teaches Java while the other explains how C++ works.


The computer science taught in class 11 is a very informative and introductory subject in this field. If a student is planning to go for a computer science-related profession in the future, then this is the best risk one can take. Why would we consider it a risk though? Truthfully, coding isn’t something one can learn at the snap of a finger.


On the better side, computer science is a lot easier than the other subjects taught in 11th, like Physics, maths or biology. With the new updated syllabus of CS in classes 11 and 12, students are taught about the latest software and technology from an industrial point of view. The course is a mixture of creativity and logic along with some theories and practical assignments. And the best part?


One doesn’t have to be a math-wiz to learn basic coding since computer science doesn’t have algebra or trigonometry. However, mugging up isn’t something helpful in this subject. The syntaxes can be mugged up, but the coding can’t. It is very important to understand how each component works and what codes should go into it. One little mistake of a semi-colon or bracket can change the working of the whole application. 


Summary: Computer Science vs Information Technology


To summarize, Information technology is the study of Database management and any other computer-related tasks from a business point of view. On the other side, computer science is the study related to application development and maintenance. There are enough jobs and salaries available in both fields, it is just a matter of what skills one has to take up their field of choice. It is important to be aware and sure of what job one wants to do and then do their research before opting for the courses required in both IT and CS.


If a person wants to deal with hardware and its assembly, as well as ensure a hindrance-free connection they can go for Information technology. If they want to work with software and make new and better versions of the existing software, then they can opt for Computer science. 


Information technology answers questions like; What is database management? Or how do you manage software development? And computer science answers questions like what is a software programming language? Or what is the difference between Java and C++? Both fields require the same amount of hard work and dedication, many courses as a prerequisite, and basic computer knowledge like Q-basic and HTML.  

BBA vs B.Tech: Which Is A Better Career Option?

BBA and B.Tech, both are known to be good choices for students once they opt for an undergraduate course. However, B.Tech is and has always been deemed a better choice due to people considering it a “must-have” degree. But the times are changing, are they not?  In India, it is a known fact that the students from a science background usually go for B.Tech, while the ones studying commerce opt for BBA.


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In this article, we will be discussing each course in-depth as well as layout the pros and cons of the two.


  1. BBA (Bachelor of Business Administration)


BBA or Bachelor of Business Administration is a 3-year undergraduate professional course related to Business Management. Although the students from a commerce background usually opt for this course after class 12th, this course is open to students belonging to all three streams.


BBA educates students about the skills and knowledge required for entrepreneurship and other management-related roles. India is home to about 4600 colleges that offer BBA and is open to any person willing to be a part of the business world after finishing school. This course not only familiarizes students with how the business world works but also allows them to be a part of it, through internships and placements.


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However, there is a list of criteria to be considered before opting for this course, which is as follows:


  1. The students must complete their 12th class in any stream (Science, Commerce, or Humanities) from a known educational board only.
  2. A minimum aggregate of 50% marks is required by the student to opt for BBA.
  3. If a student has already given their 12th class exam and is in the process of waiting for results, then they are eligible to apply for this course.


To get into a good college for BBA, a student needs to appear for an entrance exam conducted by their respective university. Once they clear this stage, they are divided into groups along with the other candidates in a Group discussion round.


Here, each student’s leadership and cooperation skills are taken into account which decides whether they sit for a personal interview or not. The final admission is offered to the students with better scores in the qualifying examination and their performance in the group discussion and interview.


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BBA has a variety of subjects the students need to be aware of to thrive in the business world. A few subjects are listed below:


  • Principles of Management: Introduced by Henri Fayol, these 14 principles of management play a key role in establishing as well as running a business. Each principle is taught in detail with examples to support them. Even though every student coming from a commerce background would already be aware of these, everyone must be thorough with all 14 principles.


  • Business Economics: Business Economics can be divided into two parts; Macroeconomics and Microeconomics. Macroeconomics deals with the structure and behaviour of the entire economy as a whole. In simple words, it explains how an economy works on a large scale. On the other hand, Microeconomics deals with only an individual element of an economy, which is where it differs from Macroeconomics.


  • Financial and Management accounting: In any business, keeping tabs on the finances i.e., how much money is coming in or going out is necessary. Knowing which elements to debit or credit, how to balance a sheet, making a BRS, or even maintaining different accounts is important. This subject teaches students how to keep an eye on money to save themselves from any kind of fraud in the future.


  • E-commerce: With everything being digitalized in this modern-day world, most of the business-related tasks like transfer of money, paying taxes, taking orders, or even making presentations are being carried out on computers. This has been helpful to many business organizations since it helps them reach their potential customers who are out of the traditional retail reach. Computing knowledge is important to carry out E-commerce.


  • Organizational Behaviour: This is the study of how people interact when put into groups. It also involves a large portion of leadership skills where leaders need to find healthier ways to interact with their employees while avoiding possible conflicts. And in case differences arise, what skills would be required to solve them.


BBA has a lot of scope and job opportunities for its students. After the completion of BBA, people generally go for MBA for higher studies. However, there are a lot of jobs available to students after finishing BBA, especially in areas like banking, Real estate management, and advertising to name to few. Others are listed below:


  • R Executive: These people manage and direct all Human resource-related tasks in a company. They also have a bunch of additional roles to play like hiring new employees, supervising their training, and managing new recruitment programs within the organization. They usually earn a decent amount per annum depending on which company they work for.


  • Marketing Manager: A marketing manager, as well as a product manager, go hand in hand to create better marketing strategies for sales. They bring up new campaigns and develop market research studies while analyzing the current market situation.


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  • Research and Development Executives: Research & Development Executives plan and direct all aspects of an organization’s research and development policies, objectives, and initiatives. They also maintain an organization’s competitive position and profitability by formulating research and development programs, policies, and procedures. They have a slightly higher annual income.


Companies like Tata Consultancy Services, Hindustan Unilever, Microsoft, ICICI Bank, and Sony are some of the top recruiters of BBA graduates in India.


  1. B.Tech (Bachelor of Technology)


B.Tech is an undergraduate professional course given to students after they complete 4 years of study in the said field. It familiarizes students with the engineering of different kinds depending on a student’s choice.


The eligibly of the candidate is minimal:


  1. The student should have completed their 10+2 class with PCM (Physics, Chemistry, and Maths) however, some colleges might ask for additional criteria depending on the subjects they teach.
  2. They should have scored an aggregate of at least 60% in their final exams.
  3. A college considers a student’s admission based on their performance in the entrance exam.


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To get into a B.Tech college, the most common entrance exam taken in India is JEE Advanced and JEE Main. These exams are based on PCM-related knowledge up to class 12th, which is why it is important to opt for the science stream in 11th and 12th.


Some courses taught under B.Tech differs in the area of specialization, as mentioned in the following subjects:


  • Aeronautical Engineering: This course deals with the development and maintenance of spacecraft and aircraft. It teaches students how to design aircraft and propulsion systems while considering their aerodynamic performance.


  • Industrial Engineering: This is a primary subset of the engineering profession which looks after the improvement, design, and installation of integrated systems in the industry.


  • Mechanical Engineering: It refers to the brand of engineering which focuses on the principles of materials and mechanical sciences. This enables the smooth designing, manufacturing, and maintenance of mechanical machines.


  • Marine Engineering: This is a branch of engineering which deals with the study, construction, operation, and maintenance of seagoing crafts and power plants.


  • Civil Engineering: This includes designing and construction of public needs like dams, roads, bridges, highways, power plants, canals, and sewage systems. A civil engineer supervises and looks after the construction of the above-mentioned infrastructure.


B.Tech is the most common degree chosen by students from the science stream due to several reasons. The course taught under B.Tech not only strengthens a student’s technical skills but also their overall aptitude in the field. Students studying B.Tech are usually known to have good mathematical and problem-solving skills compared to other courses.


There are a large number of job opportunities available to B.Tech graduates in the technical fields. These people are usually hired as engineers but apart from that, they also take up jobs like being a consultant, researcher, or even a manager in a company. Some of the most common jobs offered to B.Tech graduates are:


  • Computer Science Engineer
  • Electronics & Communication Engineer
  • Electronics Engineer
  • Marine Engineer
  • Product Manager
  • Construction Engineer
  • Telecommunication Engineer
  • Robotics Engineer
  • Ceramic Engineer
  • Civil Engineer
  • Production Engineer
  • Lecturer/Professor


Companies like Infosys Technologies, Samsung, Larson & Toubro, Blackstone, Google, Apple, Flipkart, Myntra, and ISRO are some of the top recruiters of B.Tech graduates. Finding jobs overseas is also a high probability for these students. Every company private or public is always in search of engineers skilled in various fields to ensure that their infrastructure is looked after, and any damages are fixed at the earliest.


  1. Which course is a better option to take after the 12th?


The answer to this question depends on what stream the student has taken before they consider going for either course. As previously mentioned, A student coming from a science background would find it easier to study the subjects covered in B.Tech as its curriculum has a lot of concepts taught in 10+2 Physics, Chemistry and Maths.


Though a science student could also go for BBA, it would be comparatively tougher to understand since a lot of the business-related terms and concepts would be new to them. For a commerce student, this would be a piece of cake since most of the concepts and principles covered in the 11th and 12th classes are a part of the BBA curriculum.


BBA is extremely helpful for those students who wish to go for managerial roles in well-known companies, or even start their own business. Another pro is that BBA is much cheaper compared to B.Tech however, the start-up salary and growth opportunities are equal in both fields.


  1. Advantages of choosing Bachelors in Business Administration


  • When you pick Bachelor of Business Administration, it will help you get a deep and thorough understanding of how businesses work. In a nutshell, it will help you get more creative with ideas and enable the smooth execution of those ideas to gain benefit from them. To enter the business world, knowledge about public demand and supply, recruitment process, organization structure, and leadership skills are required, which you can learn through BBA. In the end, it is important to know the best ways to earn profits in the public markets, while staying on a safer side to ensure minimum risks.


  • You can think about opening a consultancy center after pursuing BBA. You can provide business-related knowledge to people who wish to get into business management, which in turn will help you gain a lot of clients. These people might even want to start their businesses, and having a good consultancy agency behind it goes a long way if their business ends up taking off. Although finding clients during the start might be a little tough, people will slowly start showing up once your agency gains a good reputation, for which hard work is essential.


  • As you approach the end of your BBA course, you will notice that MBA wouldn’t be that hard to do in case you decide to go for it after BBA. With this, you will get the opportunity to focus on your business management skills and develop your overall performance and communication.


  1. Advantages of choosing Bachelors in Technology


  • India has a vast and widespread Tech industry for people who wish to work in technical jobs in this sector. With the rising demand for engineers worldwide, many people wish to go for engineering. Though there are a few qualities that every engineer should have, the most important one is that they should be able to convert their imaginations into reality and be creative enough to come up with innovations.


  • There are many big organizations on the lookout for good engineers to work in their companies. These companies offer a generous amount of pay along with some additional perks depending on the company you work for. Over time, you gain more experience in your job and get promoted to higher roles.


  • Tech helps you strengthen your analytical skills, which in turn helps you gain better problem-solving skills.




To conclude, we can say that both courses have a good scope for jobs in the future which pay well and provide a comfortable lifestyle. Although both paths are extremely different in fields, it is important to have your interest inclined towards the course you choose, otherwise performing well and staying focused on your work would be tough and will end up making you see it all as a big burden. If indecisiveness is still there, you can always go to a consultant or career counselor who will help you realize where your interest lies and provide help to get into the desired field.