BBA and B.Tech, both are known to be good choices for students once they opt for an undergraduate course. However, B.Tech is and has always been deemed a better choice due to people considering it a “must-have” degree. But the times are changing, are they not? In India, it is a known fact that the students from a science background usually go for B.Tech, while the ones studying commerce opt for BBA.
In this article, we will be discussing each course in-depth as well as layout the pros and cons of the two.
BBA (Bachelor of Business Administration)
BBA or Bachelor of Business Administration is a 3-year undergraduate professional course related to Business Management. Although the students from a commerce background usually opt for this course after class 12th, this course is open to students belonging to all three streams.
BBA educates students about the skills and knowledge required for entrepreneurship and other management-related roles. India is home to about 4600 colleges that offer BBA and is open to any person willing to be a part of the business world after finishing school. This course not only familiarizes students with how the business world works but also allows them to be a part of it, through internships and placements.
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However, there is a list of criteria to be considered before opting for this course, which is as follows:
- The students must complete their 12th class in any stream (Science, Commerce, or Humanities) from a known educational board only.
- A minimum aggregate of 50% marks is required by the student to opt for BBA.
- If a student has already given their 12th class exam and is in the process of waiting for results, then they are eligible to apply for this course.
To get into a good college for BBA, a student needs to appear for an entrance exam conducted by their respective university. Once they clear this stage, they are divided into groups along with the other candidates in a Group discussion round.
Here, each student’s leadership and cooperation skills are taken into account which decides whether they sit for a personal interview or not. The final admission is offered to the students with better scores in the qualifying examination and their performance in the group discussion and interview.
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BBA has a variety of subjects the students need to be aware of to thrive in the business world. A few subjects are listed below:
- Principles of Management: Introduced by Henri Fayol, these 14 principles of management play a key role in establishing as well as running a business. Each principle is taught in detail with examples to support them. Even though every student coming from a commerce background would already be aware of these, everyone must be thorough with all 14 principles.
- Business Economics: Business Economics can be divided into two parts; Macroeconomics and Microeconomics. Macroeconomics deals with the structure and behaviour of the entire economy as a whole. In simple words, it explains how an economy works on a large scale. On the other hand, Microeconomics deals with only an individual element of an economy, which is where it differs from Macroeconomics.
- Financial and Management accounting: In any business, keeping tabs on the finances i.e., how much money is coming in or going out is necessary. Knowing which elements to debit or credit, how to balance a sheet, making a BRS, or even maintaining different accounts is important. This subject teaches students how to keep an eye on money to save themselves from any kind of fraud in the future.
- E-commerce: With everything being digitalized in this modern-day world, most of the business-related tasks like transfer of money, paying taxes, taking orders, or even making presentations are being carried out on computers. This has been helpful to many business organizations since it helps them reach their potential customers who are out of the traditional retail reach. Computing knowledge is important to carry out E-commerce.
- Organizational Behaviour: This is the study of how people interact when put into groups. It also involves a large portion of leadership skills where leaders need to find healthier ways to interact with their employees while avoiding possible conflicts. And in case differences arise, what skills would be required to solve them.
BBA has a lot of scope and job opportunities for its students. After the completion of BBA, people generally go for MBA for higher studies. However, there are a lot of jobs available to students after finishing BBA, especially in areas like banking, Real estate management, and advertising to name to few. Others are listed below:
- R Executive: These people manage and direct all Human resource-related tasks in a company. They also have a bunch of additional roles to play like hiring new employees, supervising their training, and managing new recruitment programs within the organization. They usually earn a decent amount per annum depending on which company they work for.
- Marketing Manager: A marketing manager, as well as a product manager, go hand in hand to create better marketing strategies for sales. They bring up new campaigns and develop market research studies while analyzing the current market situation.
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- Research and Development Executives: Research & Development Executives plan and direct all aspects of an organization’s research and development policies, objectives, and initiatives. They also maintain an organization’s competitive position and profitability by formulating research and development programs, policies, and procedures. They have a slightly higher annual income.
Companies like Tata Consultancy Services, Hindustan Unilever, Microsoft, ICICI Bank, and Sony are some of the top recruiters of BBA graduates in India.
B.Tech (Bachelor of Technology)
B.Tech is an undergraduate professional course given to students after they complete 4 years of study in the said field. It familiarizes students with the engineering of different kinds depending on a student’s choice.
The eligibly of the candidate is minimal:
- The student should have completed their 10+2 class with PCM (Physics, Chemistry, and Maths) however, some colleges might ask for additional criteria depending on the subjects they teach.
- They should have scored an aggregate of at least 60% in their final exams.
- A college considers a student’s admission based on their performance in the entrance exam.
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To get into a B.Tech college, the most common entrance exam taken in India is JEE Advanced and JEE Main. These exams are based on PCM-related knowledge up to class 12th, which is why it is important to opt for the science stream in 11th and 12th.
Some courses taught under B.Tech differs in the area of specialization, as mentioned in the following subjects:
- Aeronautical Engineering: This course deals with the development and maintenance of spacecraft and aircraft. It teaches students how to design aircraft and propulsion systems while considering their aerodynamic performance.
- Industrial Engineering: This is a primary subset of the engineering profession which looks after the improvement, design, and installation of integrated systems in the industry.
- Mechanical Engineering: It refers to the brand of engineering which focuses on the principles of materials and mechanical sciences. This enables the smooth designing, manufacturing, and maintenance of mechanical machines.
- Marine Engineering: This is a branch of engineering which deals with the study, construction, operation, and maintenance of seagoing crafts and power plants.
- Civil Engineering: This includes designing and construction of public needs like dams, roads, bridges, highways, power plants, canals, and sewage systems. A civil engineer supervises and looks after the construction of the above-mentioned infrastructure.
B.Tech is the most common degree chosen by students from the science stream due to several reasons. The course taught under B.Tech not only strengthens a student’s technical skills but also their overall aptitude in the field. Students studying B.Tech are usually known to have good mathematical and problem-solving skills compared to other courses.
There are a large number of job opportunities available to B.Tech graduates in the technical fields. These people are usually hired as engineers but apart from that, they also take up jobs like being a consultant, researcher, or even a manager in a company. Some of the most common jobs offered to B.Tech graduates are:
- Computer Science Engineer
- Electronics & Communication Engineer
- Electronics Engineer
- Marine Engineer
- Product Manager
- Construction Engineer
- Telecommunication Engineer
- Robotics Engineer
- Ceramic Engineer
- Civil Engineer
- Production Engineer
Companies like Infosys Technologies, Samsung, Larson & Toubro, Blackstone, Google, Apple, Flipkart, Myntra, and ISRO are some of the top recruiters of B.Tech graduates. Finding jobs overseas is also a high probability for these students. Every company private or public is always in search of engineers skilled in various fields to ensure that their infrastructure is looked after, and any damages are fixed at the earliest.
Which course is a better option to take after the 12th?
The answer to this question depends on what stream the student has taken before they consider going for either course. As previously mentioned, A student coming from a science background would find it easier to study the subjects covered in B.Tech as its curriculum has a lot of concepts taught in 10+2 Physics, Chemistry and Maths.
Though a science student could also go for BBA, it would be comparatively tougher to understand since a lot of the business-related terms and concepts would be new to them. For a commerce student, this would be a piece of cake since most of the concepts and principles covered in the 11th and 12th classes are a part of the BBA curriculum.
BBA is extremely helpful for those students who wish to go for managerial roles in well-known companies, or even start their own business. Another pro is that BBA is much cheaper compared to B.Tech however, the start-up salary and growth opportunities are equal in both fields.
Advantages of choosing Bachelors in Business Administration
- When you pick Bachelor of Business Administration, it will help you get a deep and thorough understanding of how businesses work. In a nutshell, it will help you get more creative with ideas and enable the smooth execution of those ideas to gain benefit from them. To enter the business world, knowledge about public demand and supply, recruitment process, organization structure, and leadership skills are required, which you can learn through BBA. In the end, it is important to know the best ways to earn profits in the public markets, while staying on a safer side to ensure minimum risks.
- You can think about opening a consultancy center after pursuing BBA. You can provide business-related knowledge to people who wish to get into business management, which in turn will help you gain a lot of clients. These people might even want to start their businesses, and having a good consultancy agency behind it goes a long way if their business ends up taking off. Although finding clients during the start might be a little tough, people will slowly start showing up once your agency gains a good reputation, for which hard work is essential.
- As you approach the end of your BBA course, you will notice that MBA wouldn’t be that hard to do in case you decide to go for it after BBA. With this, you will get the opportunity to focus on your business management skills and develop your overall performance and communication.
Advantages of choosing Bachelors in Technology
- India has a vast and widespread Tech industry for people who wish to work in technical jobs in this sector. With the rising demand for engineers worldwide, many people wish to go for engineering. Though there are a few qualities that every engineer should have, the most important one is that they should be able to convert their imaginations into reality and be creative enough to come up with innovations.
- There are many big organizations on the lookout for good engineers to work in their companies. These companies offer a generous amount of pay along with some additional perks depending on the company you work for. Over time, you gain more experience in your job and get promoted to higher roles.
- Tech helps you strengthen your analytical skills, which in turn helps you gain better problem-solving skills.
To conclude, we can say that both courses have a good scope for jobs in the future which pay well and provide a comfortable lifestyle. Although both paths are extremely different in fields, it is important to have your interest inclined towards the course you choose, otherwise performing well and staying focused on your work would be tough and will end up making you see it all as a big burden. If indecisiveness is still there, you can always go to a consultant or career counselor who will help you realize where your interest lies and provide help to get into the desired field.